Commercial card access door control systems are a vital part of many businesses. They provide security by allowing only authorized personnel to enter and can be used to track employee movements throughout the day.

Several essential components make up a card access control system, and it's important to understand each one before installation begins. Here are a few key components of a card access control system and how they work together to keep your business secure.

Card Database

The card database is basically a cardholder directory that houses all cardholder information, such as name and card ID number, as well as any permissions they may have regarding which doors or areas they can access. This database is managed by access control software and typically stored in a secure location such as a server or cloud-based storage system.

The cardholder information is then linked to card readers and keypads for verification. This database is essential for card access control systems, as it allows businesses to add or remove cardholders quickly and easily.

Card Readers

Card readers are the devices that read cardholder information from their access card, verifying their identity and granting them access to the secured area. Depending on the card access control system, card readers can be installed at both the entrance and exit points of a building or facility. It reads the card's data and verifies it with the cardholder's information stored in the card database.

Some card readers also include additional features, such as card-activated locks that can be programmed to lock or unlock a door based on cardholder access rights. And depending on what type of card access system you choose, card readers may use magnetic stripe or barcode technology, as well as smart card and biometric technology.

Barcode tech is the most traditional card reader, while smart card and biometric readers offer a more secure card access control system. The latter two card readers also offer additional features like logging capabilities that allow cardholders to be tracked.

Access Control Panels (ACPs)

The ACP acts as the brain of the card access control system, managing cardholder information, sending commands to card readers and locks, and storing data from card access transactions. It is connected to card readers at each door or entry point and receives the cardholder's identity from the card reader.

The ACP then verifies this against the card database and either grants or denies access accordingly. Depending on your card access system, the ACP can also provide additional security features such as automated alerts and alarms, time-based access control, or even integration with other security systems such as CCTV.

Here, the ACP acts as the central hub of card access control, coordinating all card reader and door lock activities. For more information on a commercial card access control system installation, contact a company near you.